El Filibusterismo is the second novel written by Doctor Jose Rizal and is a sequel to his first novel which is Noli me Tangere. El Filibusterismo which has an English alternate title of “Reign of Greed” is written in Spanish just like the Noli Me Tangere. El Filibusterismo was published in 1891 and is part of the teachings in the secondary level or high school in the Philippines as to this day.
Crisostomo Ibarra which is the main character in Noli Me Tangere comes back as Simoun who was described as a rich bearded jeweler who likes to wear blue tinted glasses. Simoun is the main character of the sequel novel and is also known as a confidant of the Captain General who became a cynical saboteur who seeks revenge against the Spanish regime by masterminding a revolution. Simoun’s tactic was to influence the decisions of the Captain General so that he will make bad decisions which would cause a revolution to break out. He sides with the upper classes and advised to abuse the Filipinos so that the Filipino masses will have a reason to revolt against the Spanish occupants.
One reason why Simoun was instigating a revolution was to rescue Maria Clara from the convent and also to admonish the ills and evils of the Philippine society. However, his cover up was known and his true identity was discovered by a boy named Basilio while visiting the grave of his mother who is the popular Sisa who was a significant character in Noli me Tangere. Simoun made Basilio his accomplice but the boy declined.
Another major character of El Filibusterismo as described by Jose Rizal was Kabesang Tales who was a former cabeza de barangay of the Sagpang. He resurfaced as the most feared Luzon bandit named Matanglawin. Don Custodio is a known journalist who was asked by the students about Academia de Castellano. Don Custodio married a rich woman so as to be part of Manila’s high society. Isagani was Basilio’s friend who removed the explosive lamp from Kapitan Tiyago’s house and prevented Simoun from being successful in his plans to blow up the house of the Kapitan.
Paulita Gomez was the girlfriend of Isagani and the niece of Dona Victorina who is a Peninsular. Macaraig was a classmate of Isagani at the University of Sto’ Tomas and is a rich student who serves as the leader of students who wish for the construction of the Academia de Castellano. Father Florentino was Isagani’s godfather and is a seculiar priest who was engaged to be married.
Other characters of Jose Rizal’s El Filibusterismo are Dona Victorina, Father Florentino. Juli San Jose, Juanito Pelaez, Father camorra, Ben-Zayb, Placido Penitente, Hermana Penchang, Tiburcio de Espadana, Father Irone, Quiroga, Don Timoteo Pelaez, Tandang Selo, Father Fernandez, Sandoval, Hermana Bali, Father Millon, Tadeo, Leeds, Tano, Pepay, Pecson, Pecson and Father Hernando de la Sibyla.