Pen Names Used by Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal, who was known for his strong criticisms against the Spaniards, could not have written all his essays and poems if he used his real name. Here are some of the pen names that he used.

Jose Rizal, who was known for his strong criticisms against the Spaniards, could not have written all his essays and poems if he used his real name. To hide his identity, he used the pen names Laong Laan and Dimasalang in many of his writings.

Laong Laan

The pen name of Dr. Jose Rizal when he was a contributor of poems and articles for the Spanish newspaper “La Solidaridad” was Laong Laan which was the name of a railway station in Manila.

Others who contributed to La Solidaridad and used pen names were Marcelo H. del Pilar (who used Plaridel), Mario Ponce (who used the aliases Naning, Kalipulo or Tigbalang), Antonio Luna (who used Taga Ilog) and Jose Maria Panganiban (who used Jomapa.)

“La Solidaridad” was an organization created in Spain and issued a newspaper of the same name published in Barcelona, Spain. Jose Rizal’s cousin Galicano Apacible headed the organization.

Dimasalang

Jose Rizal also used the pen name Dimasalang when he served as a correspondent of the same Spanish newspaper La Solidaridad. Rizal also wrote a literary work in Spain titled “Amor Patrio” meaning love of country. The piece was included in “Diarong Tagalog” which was a daily newspaper released in Manila. Jose Rizal used the pseudonym or pen name Laong Laan for this article to hide his identity. Rizal also used the pseudonym “May Pagasa” when he transferred to Madrid and became a member of Freemasonry.

La Solidaridad was an organization that was created to inform Spain of the needs of her colony, the Philippines and to develop better relationships between the two countries. La Solidaridad was a biweekly newspaper which not only includes articles and essays regarding the cultural, economic, political, and social situation of the country, but also current local and foreign news.

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