Song of Maria Clara

Maria Clara is a character in Jose Rizal’s novel, the Noli Me Tangere, and this poem is part of the novel sung by the character.

Pen Names Used by Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal, who was known for his strong criticisms against the Spaniards, could not have written all his essays and poems if he used his real name. Here are some of the pen names that he used.

El Filibusterismo Characters

El Filibusterismo is the second novel written by Doctor Jose Rizal and is a sequel Noli me Tangere. El Filibusterismo means “Reign of Greed” in English.

Noli Me Tangere

Noli Me Tangere is a Latin phrase that means “Touch Me Not”. In this novel, Rizal described in detail the sufferings of his countrymen under the Spanish rule.

To Josephine

Rizal wrote this poem for Josephine Bracken, an Irish woman who went to Dapitan to have her father George Taufer treated for an eye problem.

To the Philippine Youth

At 18, Rizal won first prize for his poem “To the Philippine Youth” in 1879 in a poetry contest organized by the Manila Lyceum of Art and Literature

Our Mother Tongue

Rizal wrote the original version of this poem in Tagalog when he was just eight years old. Rizal’s most famous quote, “Ang hindi magmahal sa sariling wika, daig pa ang hayop at malansang isda.” is from this poem. 

My Last Farewell

My Last Farewell (Mi Ultimo Adios in Spanish) was the last poem that Jose Rizal wrote. It was Mariano Ponce, his friend, who gave the title to this poem.